NASA astronaut Scott Kelly and Cosmonaut Mikhail Kornienko will launch to the ISS, beginning a one-year mission in space.
Source – NASA
On Friday March 27, 2015 NASA astronaut Scott Kelly (twin brother of Mark Kelly) and Russian Cosmonaut Mikhail Konienko will launch to the International Space Station for a one-year mission. According to NASA, this doubles the length of most missions to date which typically last four to six months. This is a particularly unique mission because a number of comparative genetic studies will be done between identical twin brothers Scott Kelly and Mark Kelly, a retired astronaut. The mission will study the effects of longterm exposure to a zero-gravity environment including blood samples, psychology, eyes, muscles, and bone loss.
The Apollo space program paved the way for dramatic advances in electronics with less computing power available than is required for a cell phone. Pushing the boundaries of humans further in space will do the same for healthcare and medicine. As humans venture further into space and for longer periods, biology will be the new Apollo Moment.
According to NASA: “A number of spaceflight endurance records will be broken during the one-year mission, including the most cumulative time in space for any U.S. astronaut. Kelly and will spend 342 days off the planet resulting in a total of 522 days in space, allowing him to surpass current U.S. record holder Mike Fincke’s mark of 382 days. The current record for the longest single mission aboard the space station set by NASA astronaut Michael Lopez-Alegria and Russian cosmonaut Mikhail Tyurin will also be broken. Russian cosmonaut Gennady Padalka will launch with Kelly and Kornienko to remain aboard for six months and will become the new record holder for most cumulative time spent in space by any human.”
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